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    • By Gaurav
      Congratulations @Srikumar for reaching the CREW level with Carnity Offroad club.
      It is the highest position in Carnity Off-road Club, that anyone can ever attain.
      We (@Rahimdad - Club founder and I) are absolutely delighted to welcome you to the off-road CREW level and looking forward to sharing our off-road passion and vision together.
      Your continuous contribution and great efforts to improve the Carnity off-road club, plan to develop new off-roaders and a keen eye on safety regulations have resulted in great progress and well deserve this new off-road rank. Your off-road knowledge, vast experience, great teamwork, and critical observations have always helped everyone around in a very positive manner on the off-road drives and on the forum.
      Extract from Srikumar Marshal Promotion:
      + Absolute Club Ownership
      + Truly Dedicated
      + Humble & Selfless
      + Open & Approachable
      Keep it up and its time for you to help other aspiring offroaders to demonstrate your skills, knowledge and above all the true passion for off-road with community spirit.
      Number of drives
      80+ drives and Committee Decision
      Level of drives
      Routing and leading in unknown terrain for exploration drives
      Off-road gear
      All of the above
      Drive teamwork
      All of the above + coordinate with Marshal on route, convoy, numbering, etc.
      Drive posting/joining
      Post drive on Carnity and share it on Carnity social media
      Forum participation
      Post trip report + share route + track and waypoints

    • By Rahimdad
      We are proud to announce yet another big milestone in Carnity Offroad Club, to train, develop and now certify off-roaders once they attain a certain level of skills. This certification will help all off-roaders in attaining a right set of skills as their drive count grows so that they can focus on a specific area of development and work towards better learning along with weekly drives.
      Following the Carnity Offroad Club Grading Structure, once any off-roader crosses the Intermediate level and gets promoted to Advance level, he/she will receive their digital certificate with announcement and copy of their certificate will be posted here in chronological order.
      Hi-resolution print-quality certificate will be email to them after the announcement is made.
      Here are the key skills that we have identified as criteria for getting certified.
      Basic dune & sand formation reading Side sloping, Ridge riding, Criss-crossing Learn recoveries under Marshal supervision Advance
      Second lead to correct the route Map reading & basic navigational skills Help in sweep and technical recoveries Expert
      Lead drive with Marshal/Crew Strategic convoy management Advance GPS navigational skills Marshal
      Lead drive independently Advance route & exit planning Extreme recoveries & Fire fighting Crew
      Explore new areas independently Develop and promote all off-roaders Manage drive calendar with all Marshals  
      List of all Carnity Certified Off-Roaders

    • By Frederic
      While offroading, we cross dunes by using different methods, based on how the dune is formed and what the drive level is. Once you have spent some time in the desert, you will slowly start to pay more attention to the dune formations and how we cross them. Once you reach Intermediate and Advance level, you'll need to start learning how to read these dunes in order to navigate and create your planned routes in the desert.
      As a rule of thumb, the prevailing wind in UAE is blowing from a North-Western direction to South-East direction: 

      This is something you should remember and you will notice when you zoom into certain areas with your navigation app (Google Maps, Gaia, MotionX, Mytrails,...) you will notice that the wind from that side has caused the dunes to take on their shape. This is a general rule and will not always apply, as you will see that in certain areas where wind is coming from different directions, you will see for example "star" dunes appearing.
      There are different types of dunes which are separately described below.  As you can see in below picture, a dune is formed when the prevailing wind blows on a mound of sand, where the grain will move into the wind direction and create a ridge. The sand which falls on the other side of the ridge, creates a slipface, and this sand is not compacted by the wind. This is the main reason why we generally drive on the prevailing wind side or the convex side of the dunes on the Newbie level.

       "A dune is a curiously dynamic creature," wrote Farouk El-Baz in National Geographic. “Once formed, a dune can grow. It can change shape and move with the wind. It can even breed new dunes. Some of these offspring may be carried on the back of the mother dune. Others are born and race downwind, outpacing their parents. [Source: Farouk El-Baz, National Geographic, February 1982]
      The shape of dunes is affected by things like the strength, direction and consistency of the winds; the consistency and amount of sand; the hardness of the terrain and the amount of vegetation. 

      Below we will describe the most common dunes found in the UAE.
      Different Dunes
      Crescent or Barchan Dune

      This is the most common dune. It forms the shape of a crescent moon when the wind blows from one direction.
      We generally use the words concave and convex to describe both sides of the dune:
      * Concave is a shape that curves inwards.
      * Convex is a shape that curves outwards.
      Crescent-shaped mounds generally are wider than long. On the concave side you will have the slipface. These dunes form under winds that blow from one direction, and they also are known as barchans. 

      Parabolic Dune

      A parabolic dune is similar in shape to a barchan, but it is just the opposite. The tips of this dune point into the wind, and its main body migrates with the wind, forming a depression between the tips. Because of this formation, parabolic dunes are also known as blowout dunes. These dunes often occur when vegetation stabilizes sediments and a U-shaped blowout forms between clumps of plants.
      Example of Parabolic dunes near Faya:
      Longitudinal or "Seif" Dunes

      They are also often referred to to as "sand ridges" or "seifs". Their length can range from a few meters to many kilometers and their height from a couple meters high to a couple hundred meters high. Wind pushes the sand and forms ridges parallel to the prevailing wind direction with slip faces either side of the crest. Linear dunes are straight or slightly sinuous sand ridges typically much longer than they are wide. They may be more than 160 kilometers long. Linear dunes may occur as isolated ridges, but they generally form sets of parallel ridges separated by miles of sand, gravel, or rocky interdune corridors. Some linear dunes merge to form Y-shaped compound dunes. Many form in bidirectional wind regimes. The long axes of these dunes extend in the resultant direction of sand movement. 
      Example in Al Qudra area:
      Barchanoid Dunes

      These ridges are similar to Barchan dunes. They are connected in long crescentic waves as the sand supply is much greater than that which forms a Barchan Dune.
      Star Dunes

      These dunes are formed when there are several prevailing wind directions - there is a complex wind regime. Typically there are three or more slip faces, whilst the dunes do not migrate they grow in height.
      Star dunes are radially-symmetrical, spyramidal sand mounds with slipfaces on three or more arms that radiate from the high center of the mound. They are created when the winds blow equally from every direction, causing the sand dune to grow many extensions and resemble a star. They are rare and are fairly stable and remain in the same place. Some are landmarks with names.
      Example of a Star dune:

      With this knowledge, the next time you step into the desert, you can start looking at the different dune formations, and this will give you lots of knowledge that you'll be able to apply in the future when leading and navigating off-road drives.
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